A grid-level (~1km*1km) solid waste dataset has been created by coupling material flow analysis (MFA) and geographic information system (GIS) based on bottom-up (scaling-up) and top-down (scaling-down) approaches. The hybrid model performs well in stock and flow quantification of construction & demolition, electrical and electronic, hazardous, and municipal wastes.
Chen, C. and Liu, Y., 2021. Construction and demolition wastes in Beijing: Where they come from and where they go? Waste Management & Research 39(4): 555-560.
Liu, Y., et al. Developing a GIS-based model to quantify spatiotemporal pattern of home appliances and e-waste generation —— A case study in Xiamen, China (Submitted to Waste Management).